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Publication: Exodus of Tamils from Jaffna -The displacement crisis
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
The mass displacement from Jaffna is an event of major significance in the political history of the Tamils of Sri Lanka. It has not only altered the political geography of the defacto Tamil state in the north-east, but has also created new challenges and opportunities for the government of Sri Lanka, the Tamil people and international community.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_35 and 36
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
The Sri Lankan Parliament was dissolved by proclamation on 24 June and President DB Wijetunge called for general elections on 16 August. The move took the opposition parties which were expecting presidential elections in November, by complete surprise. Around 1440 candidates representing thirteen political parties and twenty – six independent groups will contest for the 225 seats in Parliament. Nearly 12 million voters are registered and over 9500 polling stations will be set up.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_33 and 34
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
The European Parliament adopted a resolution on 22 April calling on the European Commission to establish a permanent mission in Colombo immediately to facilitate closer economic cooperation between Sri Lanka and the European Union. The resolution follows a report by the Committee on Foreign Affairs and Security of the European Union, based on a report submitted by the Committee on Development and Cooperation. The resolution also calls on the European Union, as part of its common foreign and security policy, to close all offices of the LTTE in the territory of Member States, alleging that the offices are used to propagate terrorism against a 'friendly country'
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_31
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
Amnesty International says in a report summarising human rights concerns in 1993, that thousands of Tamil people, including prisoners of conscience, were arbitrarily arrested and detained, solely on account of their ethnicity, especially in Colombo. In both Batticaloa and Trincomalee Districts, hundreds of people were paraded before masked informants, according to Amnesty, to identify suspects and many were arrested for questioning. Others were detained for the sole reason that they were relatives of an alleged LTTE member and some were held in acknowledged detention for long periods
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_30
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
The governments of Switzerland and Sri Lanka signed an agreement on 12 January for the forcible repatriation of rejected Tamil asylum seekers from the European nation. There are currently over 30,000 Tamil refugees in Switzerland and 16,000 Tamils whose cases remain undecided will be affected by the bilateral agreement. UNHCR which has been instrumental in the signing of the agreement will 'act as a liaison between the returnees and the two parties and assist in meeting particular problems numbered by the returnees'. The agreement, which will remain valid for two years, provides for the appointment of a Sri Lankan government competent authority to liaise with UNHCR the returning refugees may be held in camps until 'conditions permit the returnees to return to their original place of permanent residence.
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Publication: The right to self-determination - The Sri Lankan Tamil national question
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
On 22 November, 1988, the United Nations General Assembly declared the 1990s to be the “International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism”. The Assembly reaffirmed that colonialism “in all its forms and manifestations” was incompatible with the UN Charter and posed a serious threat to international peace and security. A consensus resolution commemorating the thirtieth anniversary of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (1960), G.A. Res. 15 14 (XV), was adopted at the General Assembly’s Special Committee on Decolonisation, 22 January - 20 August, 1990.
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Publication: The Human Rights Situation of the Tamil Speaking People of Sri Lanka- Memorandum
Posted Date: 21/04/2013 (Sunday)
At its forty-ninth session the UN Commission on Human Rights, Geneva, 1993, expressed concern in regard to the human rights situation in Sri Lanka. The UN Commission acknowledged the statement of Mr. Tilak Marapana, the representative of Sri Lanka, in which he outlined a program of measures to be implemented during 1993. These included: taking appropriate measures to ascertain the whereabouts of alleged missing persons; prosecution of those found responsible for disappearances and other human rights violations; a comprehensive review and revision of emergency legislation relating to arrest and . detention; compilation and publication of a consolidated version of all current emergency regulations; continued efforts to explore all avenues with a view to arriving at a negotiated political solution to the problems related to the North and East; continued implementation of the recommendations of the Working Group on disappearances.
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Publication: UNHCR and Tamil Refugees (1993)
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
UNHCR is involved in the repatriation of Tamil refugees from Tamil Nadu which began on 22 January 1992. Around 30,000 Tamils were returned to Sri Lanka up to November 1992. The programme, which was suspended in November 1992, recommenced on 13 August 1993. Up to the end of August around 4,500 refugees have been sent back. UNHCR expressed concern in early May 1992 to the Indian Prime Minister over the unstable security situation in Sri Lanka…..
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Publication: Sri Lanka - Economic Blockade (1993)
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
Denial of fundamental rights and freedoms since independence is the source of the sufferings of the Tamil speaking people of Sri Lanka. Discrimination and escalation of violence against Tamils led to demands for autonomy for the Tamil rights which was denied by successive governments. A negotiated settlement to the conflict was the desire of the Tamils, but talks with the majority community for over a period of 25years provided fruitless. While violence against Tamils increased in intensity, Sri Lankan governments gave greater impetus to discrimination and sought to make Tamils a minority in their own areas by planned Sinhalese colonisation.
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Publication: Memorandum- Repatriation of Tamil Asylum Seekers (1993)
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
We deeply regret that the Swedish government has removed two Tarnils to Sri Lanka refusing their application for asylum and there are now 18 others detained and they are to be removed to Sri Lanka. We understand that removal of Tamils to Sri Lanka was based on the view that the Sri Lankan authorities are now in a position to provide effective protection to Tamils in the cleared regions and in other areas such as Colombo and hill country.
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Publication: Evaluation Report-Career Planning for Tamil Women – Refugees (1993)
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
People flee their native lands for a variety of reasons. The Tamils from Sri Lanka fled their homeland because they were persecuted and were denied of opportunities for social, cultural and economic development. Tamil refugees arriving in Britain are from all walks of life. Some of them are educated, some have wide-ranging work experience and the others have good skills.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_28 & 29
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) launched Operation Thavalai, a massive assault on the Pooneryn army camp and the Nagathevanthurai naval base in Kilinochchi District on 11 November.The two military bases lie only a few miles apart, west of Elephant Pass. Sea Tigers landed near Nagathevanthurai naval base at 2.20 am in two rowing boats across the Kilali lagoon and began attacking the military's forward defence lines. Search lights in the base were smashed by gunfire. Another unit of 150 Sea Tigers landed in motor boats and entered the base. They targeted the communications building and damaged the radar and communication equipment cutting off links with other camps. Many sailors were killed in the unexpected attack and the others retreated east towards the Elephant Pass army camp.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_27
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
The University Grants Commission (UGC) decided in October to admit only 408 students to the Jaffna University for the 1992-93 academic years although 1,180 vacancies exist in all the faculties of the University. The Jaffna University Senate has expressed concern over the decision and has requested the UGC to consider the special difficulties in Jaffna and admit more students. The difficulties of northern students in pursuing education have been highlighted in the Tamil Information Centre publication "Sri Lanka: Economic Blockade". Over 100 schools are not functioning and as a result education of thousands of students has been affected.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_26
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
Over 100 civilians are reported killed in Operation Yal Devi launched by the military in Jaffna on 28 September. Reports say the main objectives of the operation, involving around 9,000 troops, were capturing, Chavakachcheri town in the south of the Jaffna peninsula to prevent people crossing the Jaffna lagoon at Kilali and to launch an offensive on the Jaffna town further west. According to reports, plans for Operation Yal Devi began as soon as General Hamilton. Wanasinghe assumed duties as Secretary to the Ministry of Defence. General Wanasinghe now also heads the Joint Operations Committee 'formed after the disbanding of the Joint Operations Command by President D. B.Wijetunge.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_25
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
The British Asylum and Immigration Act became effective from 26 July 1993 despite wide ranging opposition within and outside Parliament. New Immigration rules on Asylum and Asylum Appeals (Procedure) Rules also came into force in August. The Asylum Act provides for the fingerprinting of all asylum seekers including children. Those who do not cooperate in fingerprinting can be arrested without a warrant and detained until fingerprints are taken. Fingerprinting, according to the British government is necessary to prevent multiple applications. The fingerprints, according to the Act, will be destroyed within a month of granting permanent stay or after ten years. There is real concern that the records may be issued and that there is likelihood of records passing to the government of the country from where the asylum seeker fled.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_24
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
World Bank's South Asia Director Paul Isenman had raised the issue of economic aid to Sri Lanka being spent on the purchase of military equipment, before the Paris Aid Consortium decided on 19 June to grant Rs.40.3 billion (US% 847 million) as aid for 1993. The question raised by Mr. Isenman apparently did not have any effect on the outcome of the meeting of the Consortium as the aid was increased by US$l5 million from the aid pledge for 1992.
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Publication: Tamil Information - issue_no_23
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
Amnesty international says in a report released on 21 June that it is concerned over the arbitrary arrests of hundreds of Tamils in and around Colombo. According to the human rights agency based in London, it is common for Tamil people in Colombo to be stopped by police and detained for questioning if they are not carrying identity documents, if they are visitors or newly arrived in the city, or if they are only temporarily resident there. Amnesty has also referred to complaints about police officers requiring payments from relatives to secure release of the prisoners and arrests of people regardless of whether they could demonstrate long-standing residence and employment in Colombo and regardless of whether they were in possession of identity documents.
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Publication: Tamil Information - Issue No.13
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
A landmine killed six senior Sri Lankan military commanders, including northern Army Commander General Denzil Kobbekadua at Araliturai on Kayts Island west of Jaffna peninsula on 8th August. Jaffna Army commander Brigadier Wijaya Wimalaratne and northern naval Commander Commodore Mohan Jayamaha were among the dead.
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Publication: Tamil Information - Issue No.12
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
Member of Parliament Joseph Pararajasingham told a visiting three- member Swiss government delegation in late July that conditions in Sri Lanka were not conductive for the return of asylum seekers from other countries. According to the visit, the Swiss government intends to begin returning Tamil refugees in the next two months. There are over 25 000 Tamil refugees in Switzerland and they are to be repatriated in stages.
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Publication: Tamil Information - Issue No.11
Posted Date: 20/04/2013 (Saturday)
The Sri Lankan military assault on the Jaffna peninsula launched in May continued throughout June. Iyakkachchi and Paranthan areas north and south Elephant Pass came under intensive aerial bombardment and shelling from camps devastated other areas. The government appears to have decided to pursue a military solution.
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